basf ludwigshafen explosion

11.12.2020

[4] In these explosions 10% of the 4,500 tonnes of fertilizer stored in the silo detonated. The company invests heavily in research - for example in organic solar cells (pictured). Scopri le migliori foto stock e immagini editoriali di attualità di Basf su Getty Images. “We mourn two colleagues from the fire department and the seaman who died in the fire. It is not clear why this warning was not heeded. The explosion occurred on a supply line connecting a harbor and a tank depot on the Ludwigshafen site at around 1120 local time (0920 GMT), according to BASF, the world’s biggest chemicals company. [9], Coordinates: 49°31′04″N 8°25′06″E / 49.51778°N 8.41833°E / 49.51778; 8.41833, (slides for a talk given at UKELG (United Kingdom Explosion Liaison Group), Loughborough University), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Largest artificial non-nuclear explosions, "A factual clarification and chemical-technical reassessment of the 1921 Oppau explosion disaster - the unforeseen explosivity of porous ammonium sulfate nitrate fertilizer", "Risk and safety management of ammonium nitrate fertilizers: keeping the memory of disasters alive", "French Ministry of Environment, Explosion in a nitrogenous fertiliser plant, ARIA 14373", "Ammonium Nitrate: Fertiliser, Oxidiser and Tertiary Explosive, A Review of Ammonium Nitrate Safety Issues based on Incidents, Research and Experience in the Safety Field", "A factual clarification and chemical-technical reassessment of the 1921 Oppau explosion disaster – the unforeseen explosivity of porous ammonium sulfate nitrate fertilizer", "JUSTICE NOT BLIND IN GERMAN COURTS; Old Uniforms and Titles Protect Offenders Against Laws of the Republic. Deadly explosion at site last year The BASF Ludwigshafen site is 10 square kilometers in size and is home to 200 different plants. On January 30, 1952, eleven companies were created out of the ruined legacy of I.G. The site also serves as a technology platform and the center of corporate research. The cause of the blast at BASF headquarters in Ludwigshafen was not immediately determined, Deutsche Wells reported. As the headquarters of BASF, it is also the cradle of the Verbund concept, where production facilities, energy flows and logistics are networked together intelligently in order to utilise resources as efficiently as possible. Pictured: I.G. "This morning, one of the BASF firefighters who was critically injured in the October 17 explosion ... succumbed to his wounds," the BASF statement read. Farben. Prozess gegen Schweißer nach BASF-Explosion mit 5 Toten - Duration: 0:48. euronews (deutsch) 7,182 ... Großbrand in Ludwigshafen BASF - Lager Parkinsel - … The company made extensive use of forced labor, including concentration camp prisoners. The Ludwigshafen plant currently employs some 36,000 people. Air sample are being taken by a BASF mobile lab. The company has 113,000 employees in more than 80 countries. It has therefore been proposed that one of the charges had been placed in or near such a pocket, exploding with sufficient violence to set off some of the surrounding lower-nitrate mixture. Scegli tra immagini premium su Basf della migliore qualità. Pictured: The I.G. The gas was originally meant to serve as an insecticide, but the Nazis ended up using it in the death camps to murder millions of human beings. BASF said earlier this week that the explosion was likely triggered by a contractor who mistakenly cut a wrong pipeline. In the Soviet occupation zone, the company's factories were dismantled and shipped East, or nationalized. Get the latest information and figures on the BASF share and BASF group. There is also evidence that the lot in question was not of uniform composition and contained pockets of up to several dozen tonnes of mixture enriched in ammonium nitrate. A memorial service for the victims is set to take place on Sunday. With its six Verbund sites and 347 additional production sites, BASF supports customers and partners in more than 80 countries. A large fraction of BASF's sales consist of chemicals and production materials for other industries, including construction, pharmaceutical, textile, and automobile industries. Legal notice | The Ludwigshafen synagogue was destroyed in 1938 and its Jewish population of 1,400 was deported in 1940. With an area of approximately ten square kilometres the Ludwigshafen Verbund site is the world’s largest integrated chemical complex. In 1925, BASF fused with five other firms, including Hoechst and Bayer, to form I.G. BASF has more than 390 production sites around the world. Sales in 2014 amounted to a hefty 74.3 billion euros ($79.9 billion). [2][3], This seemingly suicidal procedure was in fact common practice. At BASF’s Ludwigshafen site, some 8,000 sales products are produced with a total volume of 8.5 million metric tons per year from just a few raw materials, such as naphtha, rock salt and sulfur. The Oppau explosion occurred on September 21, 1921, when approximately 4,500 tonnes of a mixture of ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate fertilizer stored in a tower silo exploded at a BASF plant in Oppau, now part of Ludwigshafen, Germany, killing 500–600 people and injuring about 2,000 more. [4][6] The explosions were heard as two loud bangs in north-eastern France and in Munich, more than 300 km away, and are estimated to have contained an energy of 1–2 kilotonnes TNT equivalent. Più di 39.000 collaboratori lavorano presso la sede centrale di BASF a Ludwigshafen (sul Reno) nella Germania sudoccidentale. In the same year, the four occupying powers confiscated the company's entire capital stock. The company sold about 900,000 bottles in 2013 alone. The accident had a major impact, affecting more than 20 plants at the large site. Ludwigshafen. The plant began producing ammonium sulfate in 1911, but during World War I when Germany was unable to obtain the necessary sulfur, it began to produce ammonium nitrate as well. Farben's Ludwighafen factory in March 1945. Chemical company BASF says several people have been injured in an explosion at a … Farben collaborated with the Nazi regime. It became a global company. Two explosions, half a second apart, occurred at 7:32 am on September 21, 1921, at Silo 110 of the plant, forming a crater 90 by 125 m (300 by 410 ft) wide and 19 m (62 ft) deep. "Our thoughts are with our deceased colleagues and his family.". It was well known that ammonium nitrate was explosive, having been used extensively for this purpose during World War I, but tests conducted in 1919 had suggested that mixtures of ammonium sulfate and nitrate containing less than 60% nitrate would not explode. Several others are reported to be injured or missing. La BASF SE è una società europea con sede a Ludwigshafen, nella regione della Renania Palatinato, in Germania.Il nome BASF è l'acronimo di Badische Anilin- und Soda Fabrik (Fabbrica di Anilina e Soda del Baden).Il Gruppo BASF conta più di 200 tra filiali e joint venture e possiede siti produttivi in 50 paesi in Europa, Asia, Nord e Sud America. Published on Oct 17, 2016 Bei einer Explosion auf einem Werksgelände des Chemieriesen BASF in Ludwigshafen sind mehrere Menschen verletzt worden. BASF SE (IW 1000/39) said one employee died and at least six people were missing following an explosion and fire at the chemical maker’s main plant on the banks of the River Rhine in Germany. [1], Compared to ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate is strongly hygroscopic, so the mixture of ammonium sulfate and nitrate compacted under its own weight, turning it into a plaster-like substance in the 20-metre-high (66 ft) silo. There's no corporation in the chemical industry that has bigger revenues or a larger market cap than BASF. Police cordon off the road leading to German chemical company BASF facility in Ludwigshafen, southwestern Germany on Oct. 17, 2016. ; Ebert Expresses Appreciation of French Sympathy", "Photograph: The Devastation Caused By Explosion In Dye Works At Oppau, Germany", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oppau_explosion&oldid=990375739, Articles needing additional references from September 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2017, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 03:18. Public awareness of BASF's wide range of businesses is limited. Two employees of the BASF fire department and an employee of a tanker which was anchored in the harbor died in the accident. Contact The October 17 fire occurred at a river harbor used to unload flammable liquids and liquid gas. [clarification needed], Five hundred bodies were recovered within the first 48 hours,[8] with the final death toll recorded being in excess of 560 people. The cellars of the wine sales subsidiary, more than 100 years old, feature more than 2,000 different wines. In Heidelberg (30 km (19 mi) from Oppau), traffic was stopped by the mass of broken glass on the streets, a tram was derailed, and some roofs were destroyed. In 1952, BASF was refounded under its own name following the efforts of former Nazi Party member and Third Reich Wehrwirtschaftsführer (war economy leader) Carl Wurster. Two persons died in an explosion at German chemical company BASF facility in Ludwigshafen, which also … Germany Ludwigshafen residents not in danger from BASF chemical plant explosion. Our sites Investor Relations. FILE - The Feb. 18, 2016 file picture shows parts of BASF chemical plant at Ludwigshafen, Germany. Eight people were critically injured - including the now deceased BASF fireman - and another 22 people were slightly injured. BASF materials used in the renovation of London's Underground (pictured), for example, include tunnel boring machines, robotic machines for rock-wall support construction, spray concrete and fire protection coatings. To ease their work, small charges of dynamite were used to loosen the mixture. On 28 July 1948, an explosion occurred at a BASF site in Ludwigshafen, killing 207 people and injuring 3818. Farben's then-HQ in Frankfurt (Main). It took firefighters 10 hours to extinguish the resulting blaze. The corporate HQ is in western Germany at Ludwigshafen am Rhein (pictured). On these grounds, the material handled by the plant, nominally a 50/50 mixture, was considered stable enough to be stored in 50,000-tonne lots, more than ten times the amount involved in the disaster. Ogni anno … BASF employs over 100,000 people around the world and had sales of more than 70 billion euros ($76.8 billion) in 2015. BASF's product range is huge: Paints and varnishes, styrofoam, insulation materials, medicines, light stabilizers, vehicle battery materials, adhesives and more. 17th Oct, 2016. Engelhorn decided to found BASF to produce tar-based and aniline dyes for the textile industry. The explosion and subsequent fire killed two BASF firefighters as well as a Polish sailor on a nearby tanker ship. Initially, BASF focused mostly on making plastics. NEW ARMY LACKS RECRUITS Force Said to Be Below 100,000 Mamimum [, "70,000 AT OPPAU FUNERALS. Ludwigshafen/Germany — On Monday, October 17, 2016, there was an explosion and subsequent fires at the North Harbor in Ludwigshafen. Few people know, for example, that BASF is not only the world's biggest chemical industry company, but also one of Germany's biggest wine sellers. Thirteen thousand Allied bombers hit the city in 121 separate raids during the war, of which 56 succeeded in hitting the IG Farben plant. BASF was founded on April 6, 1865, by Friedrich Engelhorn, under the name of Badische Anilin- und Sodafabrik (later BASF). Questo sito di ricerca e produzione offre molte opportunità di lavoro, di sviluppo e di crescita professionale. The company's 2014 research budget was around 1.8 billion euros. Privacy Policy | Two employees of the BASF fire department and an employee of a tanker which was anchored in the harbor died in the accident. The accident was likely caused by a contractor cutting the wrong pipeline, the company said. You can find more information in our data protection declaration. Farben). 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